Wildwood Ecology can undertake a survey of your land (or proposed land purchase) for reptiles, as part of a Preliminary Ecological Appraisal. Detailed subsequent surveys to inform appropriate levels of mitigation or compensation for a development licence application can also be performed.
For further information on our reptile or other protected species surveys, call us on 029 2002 2320.
All native British reptiles are protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 (as amended). It is illegal to intentionally kill or injure any native British reptile species.
The sand lizard and smooth snake are European Protected Species and receive further protection under the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010.
All British reptiles are UK Biodiversity Action Plan priority species.
There are up to six species of reptiles that can be encountered on development sites in Wales and England. Common lizards and slow worms are most frequently found, with adders and grass snakes less abundant. The smooth snake (England-only) and sand lizard are both very rare and found only in sandy heathland habitats in limited areas.
Reptiles are commonly encountered basking in open sunlight, to gain body heat from the early morning sun. They seek refuge among vegetation and under logs, rocks, or in compost heaps. They are present in rural and urban areas, favouring heathland, scrub, rough grassland, moorland, railway embankments, churchyards, and hedgerows. British reptiles have a varied diet, depending on the species – adders will eat small mammals, other lizards, birds (nestlings and eggs); slow worms feed on slugs and worms; and common lizards eat small insects. Grass snakes are frequently associated with water and feed mainly on amphibians.
Reptiles are active between March and October, and hibernate through the winter. They have been subject to declining numbers due to a reduction in suitable habitat.